What is Fake News?
"Fake News" is deliberately misleading information that is presented as factual news in print, broadcast or online social media, such as Facebook. Fake news is used to deceive readers, influence politics, undermine the credibility of people or agencies, promote rumors or opinions, generate advertising revenue or provide satirical or humorous interpretations of real stories.
Fake news came to prominence after the 2016 presidential election, when fake news published on Facebook's news feed as political propaganda was interpreted by many to be accurate information. Students may rely on online social media and Internet sources for news, which makes it imperative to use critical thinking skills to judge the credibility and reliability of news sources.
Professional news sources are committed to a code of ethics for journalism standards. Traditional broadcast news sources such as ABC or CNN, and traditional print sources such as the Los Angeles Times do not report "fake news." Be aware that some sources present news that is biased toward a political philosophy. For example, Huffington Post presents news from a liberal point of view, while Fox News represents a conservative viewpoint.
Some types of fake news web sites:
Fact Check Web Sites
There are web sites that can be used to check the validity or credibility of sites, to obtain nonpartisan information, or official government resources or data.
"Evaluating News Sources." Cornell University Library, 9 February 2018, guides.library.cornell.edu/c.php?g=620317&p=4462941.
Zimdars, Melissa. "False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical “News” Sources." Google Docs, docs.google.com/document/d/10eA5-mCZLSS4MQY5QGb5ewC3VAL6pLkT53V_81ZyitM/preview.
Tips for evaluating news sources:
Analyze the content of the site:
Analyze the appearance of the site:
It's a good idea to read multiple news sources to find credible information and to get a variety of viewpoints on a topic.
"The Miseducation of Dylann Roof." YouTube, The Southern Poverty Law Center, 18 January 2017, youtu.be/qB6A45tA6mE.
The Southern Poverty Law Center
TEDEd view full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-false-news-can-spread-noah-tavlin